After receiving the manuscripts, the editorial board decides whether they should be submitted for review or not.
Once manuscripts are sent for review, each editorial board member in the related field of specialization should nominate a list of reviewers, from which the executive editor decide the sequence and invite two reviewers. As a general rule, we exclude any possible nominees who may obstruct fairness during the review process.
The editorial board members nominate reviewers anonymously. We adhere to the principle of professionalism; any bias that may be generated by favoritism is prevented.
The manuscripts are reviewed anonymously; the reviewers list is not disclosed.
There are three kinds of review comments: (1) recommend for publication, (2) revise and resubmit, (3) do not recommend for publication. In general, if two comments are (1.1), the manuscript will be accepted; if they are (3.3), the manuscript will be rejected; if they are (1.2) the manuscript will be returned to the author for revising and resubmitting; if they are (1.3), the manuscript will go through a third review; if they are (2.2), the manuscript will be returned to the author for revising and resubmitting, and it will be sent to the third reviewer if necessary; if they are (2.3), the Chief Editor and Executive Editor will decide whether the manuscript will be be sent to the third reviewer or rejected.
The editorial board has the ultimate authority on deciding whether or not to accept the manuscript according to review comments.