Since the beginning of the new century, with the implementation of the policy of developing new socialist rural areas, the Chinese peasants’ narrow-mindedness, passiveness and reluctance to collaborate have become one of the most often discussed issues in China concerning the backwardness of rural villages. These features, regarded by many Chinese scholars as the syndrome of rural village...
This paper adopts the state capitalist approach to explain the development of labor politics, particularly changes in union capacities, since the reform period. In China, state capitalism not only entails the persistence of state intervention in labor markets, but also state fragmentation and the importance of informal institutions. Since the 1990s, the Chinese state’s promotion of state-...
This article focuses on state capitalism in Latin America and examines what causes the expropriation of foreign direct investment (FDI) in this region. We argue that leaders’ concerns over their political survival affect FDI expropriation in Latin American countries. Specifically, when leaders sense a higher level of political constraints and political insecurity, they are more likely to...
Driven by the financial crisis and the rise of China, the discussion on state capitalism has been revived. Nonetheless, it focuses heavily on empirical analysis and lacks theoretical elaboration. It also fails to exhibit the dynamics of theoretical development and the transition of major issues. This article examines the literature on state capitalism ranging from the late nineteenth century...
Brownfield redevelopment is meant to correct environmental
injustice but the redevelopment process and benefit distribution could result
in injustice again. However, brownfield redevelopment justice has rarely
drawn public attention because people wrongly believe that a revitalized
brownfield site indicates that justice has been served for pollution victims.
The flows of economic globalization highlight the tensions among
marketing logic, sovereignty, and human rights. What this comes to reveal
is the fact that a fully enclosed border becomes impractical, that is, the
functionality of the sovereign state in terms of controlling the border
has met its predicament. Under globalization, how will the new global
Policy representation has been one of the foremost topics in political
science. The pre-condition is the stability of policy preferences. While
individual opinions may be influenced by many sources, scholars have
found the macro level of opinion to be stable. The disaggregation of
survey data may lead to the problem of a large standard deviation being
While conventional statistical methods usually assume that the error
term in the models are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.),
this assumption is usually violated when observations are interdependent
due to the strategic interactions among players. The violation of the i.i.d
assumption results in the inefficient estimation of standard errors that can...
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that the influence of an
internationalizing coalition on political leaders is a key mediating variable
in the relationship between trade interdependence and international
conflict. In the literature, scholars have contradicting theories and empirical
conclusions about whether trade interdependence promotes peace or
To assess interparty completion in democratic politics, Dalton (2008) constructed the “party polarization index” based on a left-right ideology. The partisan divide between the pan-Blue and pan-Green camps in Taiwan has been sharp and acute since the 1990s. This observed reality contradicts the stable and modest prediction based on Dalton’s index. To explain the difference, it is hypothesized...