Contrary relations between utility and beauty are conceived by Han
Fei: one is that the two are incompatible and utility should take the place of
beauty, while the other has to do with redefining beauty in light of utility,
and thus not only making the two compatible, but also having the former
provide support to the latter. How these contrasting relations between
utility and beauty constitute a major portion of his political philosophy is
the concern of this study.
Han Fei’s political philosophy rests on, among other things, what